What Type of Land Survey Do I Need?

March 5, 2020 9:25 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

A land survey involves measuring and locating certain noteworthy features of a piece of property, such as natural features, manmade structures, property boundaries, elevations and angles. Land surveys are performed using geometry and other sciences and forms of math.

There are many different types of land surveys used by today’s surveyors, so it’s important to know exactly which type of land survey you need to have done before you call to schedule the services of a professional surveyor. Here’s a quick overview of some of the most common types of land surveys in Mobile, AL:

  • Boundary surveys: Boundary surveys focus on finding the official boundaries of a piece of property. The process involves investigating recorded deeds that are already filed in local offices, as well as looking at physical monumentation and plats. Boundary surveyors will need to go out in the field and look at adjoining properties to determine where the boundaries officially lie.
  • ALTA/ACSM surveys: American Land Title Association (ALTA) and American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM) surveys are extremely comprehensive forms of land surveys that will include a careful and rigorous analysis of all features and characteristics of a piece of property.
  • Location survey: A location survey is similar in some regards to a boundary survey, but it will include some extra information about the location of improvements within those boundaries. These types of surveys are most frequently used to satisfy any requirements implemented for loan applications or zoning permits.
  • Construction surveys: Before any new construction work can begin on a piece of land, there will need to be a construction survey. This process is used for staking out any structures that will be created, including buildings, utilities, roads and walls. It also involves slope staking, vertical and horizontal grading and an as-built survey.
  • Site planning survey: Site planning surveys combine boundary surveys and topographic surveys. They are used for purposes such as designing house lots, sites for commercial and industrial buildings, subdivisions, playgrounds, stores, streets and highways.
  • Topographic surveys: Topographic surveys are performed by civil engineers, and involve finding and analyzing topographic features like ditches, utilities, roads, embankments, contours and water courses. These surveys are performed by using aerial photography in combination with on-the-ground field methods.
  • Subdivision surveys: These types of surveys are used in the development of subdivisions to be able to divide parcels of land into smaller tracts, lots or estates. This survey must be recorded by the local government agency. It will also come in handy when designing drainage areas and streets.

This should at least give you a brief primer on what you should know about the various types of common land surveys. The type of survey you select will vary depending on the kind of project you have coming up. For more information about the services we provide and the various types of property surveys that exist, we encourage you to contact the team at Polysurveying. We can help by providing additional land survey facts in Mobile, AL that will help you better prepare for your project.

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